By Faizan Ahmad Mir
Palestine was part of ottoman empire .After defeat of Turkey in World War 1 ,It was taken away from it and placed by UN as a mandate country under Great Britian.Soon Britian tried to influence its domestic issues and started the process of Jewish settlement under foreign secretary Arthur Balfour who was higly vocal of support of Zionist movement for the creation of Jewish state in Palestine.
Jews always looked at it as their historic holy land during the time of prophet Moses.Palestinians saw it as an attack on their identity,culture and territorial rights.They organised rebellions against British authority for liberation.However during world war 11 due to religious persecution of Jews in Europe,their mass exodus took place in Palestine.This was supported by Britain and allies as they were able to gain sympathy from great powers to live a respectable life in their thousands of years old holy home land.Under the Britain with the execution of United nations,The country of Palestine was divided into two separate nations of Israel and Palestine in 1947.This became the main point of conflict as Palestinians saw it as the attack on their territory.It was followed by series of conflicts between Jews and Arabs in which Jews succeeded.In a historic six day war of 1967 they defeated combined strength of Egypt,Jordan and Syria taking control of Golan heights from Syria,Sinai from Egypt and West bank from Jordan.Thus Israel was able to triple its size.
Meanwhile in 1973 ,Egypt and Syria tried to secure their lost territories from Israel in a Yim Kippur war.In this Israel suffered an initial setback.It was followed by series of negotiations by United states and under Camp David 1 Egypt was returned Sinai peninsula back in 1982 but Israel was first time recognised by Egypt.It was the first major diplomatic victory of Israel.Both countries signed a peace agreement and they are continuing till then peacefully.This was boycotted by Arab countries and Egypt was suspended from Arab league.However in Palestine local elements had started to organise into gurellas and in this process Yasir Arafat emerged as a main leader of Palestinian liberation organisation. Meanwhile in the first intifada to free illegal occupation of Palestine violent movement was organised between 1987 to 1993 resulting in 100 causalities of Jews and 1000 of Palestinians.This period witnessed the rise of Hamas,a militant organisation to liberate Palestine.Currently Khalid Mishaal is the main leader of the organisation.
In order to restore peace in the region President Bill Clinton of USA started peace process under Oslo accord of 1993 between PLO of Yasir Arafat and Prime minister Yetzik Robin of Israel in which Arafat accepted the Israel while as Israel accepted PLO as legitimate organisation of Palestine.It also accepted to restore self rule and autonomy in Gaza and West Bank.It was followed by rift between PLO and Hamas as later were not ready to accept any thing less than independence of these areas.So this peace process could not last long until 2000 when once again violence erupted under Hamas with the launch of 2nd intifada between 2000 to 2005.Both sides reported heavy causalities of civilians and armed men.Israel constructed a west bank barrier to prevent attacks in its territory by Hamas.After this Israel gave up the policy of talks and instead relied on force.It was followed by series of clashes in 2008,2012,2014 etc. Recently the conflict emerged due to the decision of United states to accept the Jerusalem as Capital of Israel.Meanwhile clashes erupt frequently in Jerusalem to which both Muslims and Jews had religious religious sentiments deeply attached.Both want to be it as their administrative capital.Currently Israel runs its activities from Tel Aviv while as Palestine from Ramallah.The future of the peace talks is challenging and dark as both the sides have strong sentiment of religion attached to the land.
Both sides are waiting for the arrival of Christ to settle this dispute and each one claims it as his own saviour. Muslims moreover see the Israeli occupation of their land as illegal.Therefore it seems the future of this conflict is uncertain.The only interim way to solution is recognition of both countries forgetting historic rift.
The arrangement can be made to ensure joint control of Jerusalem and use of historic religious place jointly in which both Jews and Muslims can fulfill their religious obligations..
Faizan Ahamd Mir can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org